The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." Anyone who is not in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails” (Letters 15:2 [A.D. 396]). Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering” (Letters 43[40]:5 [A.D. 253]). If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Then we’ve got a false gospel. “Was anything withheld from the knowledge of Peter, who is called ‘the rock on which the Church would be built’ [Matt. The Nicene Creed outlined a core theological set of beliefs, defining God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit as a Holy Trinity of God as one being, a creation as stemming from God the Father, that Jesus the Son will return for judgement and that there is one Catholic Church. 16:18). . 9:5). In Acts 10, God gave Peter a vision that helped him understand that the message of salvation was not limited to the Jews but open to anyone who believed (Acts 10:34–35, 45). Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … . Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. Then we’ve got a false gospel. The Church considers its bishops to be the successors to Jesus's apostles and the Church's leader, the Bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope), to be the sole successor to Saint Peterwho ministered in Rome in the first century AD after his appointment by Jesus as head of t… . “Look at [Peter], the great foundation of the Church, that most solid of rocks, upon whom Christ built the Church [Matt. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. No. . As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. Thus, what Jesus actually said to Peter in Aramaic was: “You are Kepha and on this very kepha I will build my Church.”. Catholicism is a … Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. Jesus did not start the Catholic Church. If they should wish to build what is false, you, the foundation, will condemn them. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). Jesus’s naming of Peter contradicts human reason. According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. Though it was largely ignored initially, in 381 the Roman Emperor Theodosius made the Nicene Creed the official core of Christianity, although disputes would rage on for some time even after this development. one among the twelve is chosen to be their head in order to remove any occasion for division” (Against Jovinian 1:26 [A.D. 393]). But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. . But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. ’ Could he not, then, strengthen the faith of the man to whom, acting on his own authority, he gave the kingdom, whom he called the rock, thereby declaring him to be the foundation of the Church [Matt. If you read the Bible you will find that the first church was referred to as Christians. “Philip, the presbyter and legate of the Apostolic See [Rome], said: ‘There is no doubt, and in fact it has been known in all ages, that the holy and most blessed Peter, prince and head of the apostles, pillar of the faith, and foundation of the Catholic Church, received the keys of the kingdom from our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior and Redeemer of the human race, and that to him was given the power of loosing and binding sins: who down even to today and forever both lives and judges in his successors’” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 431]). “[Christ] made answer: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock will I build my Church. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. “You cannot deny that you are aware that in the city of Rome the episcopal chair was given first to Peter; the chair in which Peter sat, the same who was head—that is why he is also called Cephas [‘Rock’]—of all the apostles; the one chair in which unity is maintained by all” (The Schism of the Donatists 2:2 [A.D. 367]). 21:14). the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it … Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. By the time Roman Emperor Constantine brought Christianity under the protection of the Roman state, Christians had been fighting over theology so often and in so destabilizing and violent a manner that Constantine sought to impose a unified theology at the Council of Nicaea by forcing the adoption of the Nicene Creed in 325, nearly 300 years after Jesus's death. Where Peter is, there is the Church. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. On him [Peter] he builds the Church, and to him he gives the command to feed the sheep [John 21:17], and although he assigns a like power to all the apostles, yet he founded a single chair [cathedra], and he established by his own authority a source and an intrinsic reason for that unity. . . He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … Though Jesus, in the eyes of Catholics, delegates Peter as the leader of his apostles and the future church in Matthew 16:18, a large organization with a clear head in the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, that espoused the theology that is the core of today's Catholic Church was most certainly not founded by him. “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. “If the very order of episcopal succession is to be considered, how much more surely, truly, and safely do we number them [the bishops of Rome] from Peter himself, to whom, as to one representing the whole Church, the Lord said, ‘Upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not conquer it.’ Peter was succeeded by Linus, Linus by Clement. From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. Frydenborg also holds a double major Bachelor of Arts in history and politics from Washington and Lee University. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. Jesus clearly makes Peter a servant, leader, and unifier to all His Apostles and disciples. . In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. By this time the location of Simon Magus' remains was probably forgotten, or the papacy by then believed that the grave was indeed Peter's and that Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church. No, he is not. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. . “[Simon Peter said to Simon Magus in Rome:] ‘For you now stand in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church’ [Matt. It is Jesus who is the rock. Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" Popes do not marry, although Peter did (Mat. “There is one God and one Christ, and one Church, and one chair founded on Peter by the word of the Lord. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. It is that term which is then translated into Greek as petros. The church in Rome was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome before AD 63. The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. “Likewise it is decreed . The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. Bernadeane Carr, STL, Censor Librorum, August 10, 2004, IMPRIMATUR: In accord with 1983 CIC 827 . The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. 16:18–19]. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. 16:18] with the power of ‘loosing and binding in heaven and on earth’ [Matt. However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. . Chris Jackson of The Remnant has provided another excellent article on the reasons why the Church adopted the Latin language in her liturgy, decrees, and official communications. That statement is fair. What kind of man are you, subverting and changing what was the manifest intent of the Lord when he conferred this personally upon Peter? The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? . The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. 2:5–6, Rev. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. 16:18]. 16:18]. Brian E. Frydenborg lives in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. 21:14). 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. 16:18–19]. [Pope] Stephen . Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. And it was Paul who removed the requirements, against Peter's will, that Christians observe Jewish dietary laws and practice circumcision. Some have tried to argue that Jesus did not mean that his Church would be built on Peter but on something else. The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. Non-Catholic Christians and the secular world have used the Inquisitions, the Crusades, and the Galileo incident as “clubs” to bash the Church for almost 500 years. St. Peter was one of the Twelve Apostles, all chosen by Jesus to be the foundation of his Church. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. . Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . Well . Because of this alone, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the Roman Catholic Church… boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. And what does our Lord say to him? . +Robert H. Brom, Bishop of San Diego, August 10, 2004. 16:18,19; John 21:15,17). The Catholic Church claims Peter gave to it the keys of the gates of heaven and that no one will enter into YEHOVAH’s presence unless that church opens the gates. The Catholic church teaches that Peter was the first Pope and the earthly head of the church, but the Bible never says this once. It believes Jesus gave to Peter (and by implication, to all his formal successors) a foundational role in the building of his church. You may have found a Roman Catholic friend who claims that Peter founded the church in … In a word, no. Then we’ve got a false gospel. . “There [John 6:68–69] speaks Peter, upon whom the Church would be built, teaching in the name of the Church and showing that even if a stubborn and proud multitude withdraws because it does not wish to obey, yet the Church does not withdraw from Christ” (ibid., 66[69]:8). 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